I will be updating this section over time, elaborating on points and adding examples. But for now I will just give a basic overview.
Mikiana's grammar is based on the principle that what you notice first should be the first thing in the sentence. Of course, this probably varies significantly among people, but the Mikianans found a typical order amongst themselves and incorporated this into their grammar. They tended to notice objects first, then properties of those objects, then how those objects were interacting. This is reflected in the grammar, in which the typical order of words is noun, adjective, verb, adverb. To that end, Mikiana is a subject-object-verb (SOV) language.
In noun phrases, adjectives follow the noun. Numbers and articles precede the noun, however, since the Mikianans tended to notice magnitude or multiplicity first. Possessive pronouns also tend to precede the noun, since they were seen as similar to articles. Similarly, verb phrases have the adverb following the verb.
In a similar vein, Mikiana has postpositions as opposed to prepositions. Words such as in, of, and between appear at the ends of phrases instead of between phrases.