Proposal by Doug Ewell, 2016-06-22
Aurebesh (also called Aurek-Besh) is a Star Wars alphabet developed by Stephen Crane of West End Games from random glyphs originally seen in the film Return of the Jedi (1983). A correspondence between Aurebesh and Latin letters was first published in the Star Wars Miniatures Battles Companion (1994) and later appeared in other games and publications, as well as Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999). A Latin-script display in the original Star Wars film (1977) was retrofitted to Aurebesh for its 2004 DVD release.
The intellectual property for Aurebesh, like other Star Wars material, is owned by Lucasfilm, which has not produced an official Aurebesh font. Nevertheless, numerous fonts have been created and distributed by fans and hobbyists, and the alphabet appears on many Star Wars-themed websites.
The name “Aurebesh” is derived from the names of the first two letters, Aurek and Besh, similar to words like alphabet and abjad. It is typically used to write the Galactic Basic language, which is heard as English in English-language releases of the films.
Aurebesh is a monocase script, written in left-to-right, top-to-bottom lines, without diacritical marks. There are 26 letters corresponding to letters of the English alphabet, plus an additional eight letters corresponding to Latin-script digraphs. The digraphs prevent Aurebesh from being simply a cipher for the Latin script, although they are not always used.
Charts from different sources present the letters ordered in different ways. The most common ordering places the digraphs at the end of the alphabet, so that the letters AUREK (A) through ZEREK (Z) appear consecutively. An alternative ordering intersperses the digraphs with related letters, so that, for example, ENTH (AE) and ONITH (EO) appear after ESK (E). The encoding below follows the first ordering, which is not necessarily an optimal collation order.
There are no official digits, although various fonts do include a set of digits, rendered as either stylized European numerals or as binary, Braille-like combinations of dots. Crane observed that European numerals were shown in the same film contexts as the random Aurebesh letters. A column is reserved in this encoding for a future official set of digits.
Aurebesh has a script-specific set of punctuation marks, added by Crane in 1996. A currency symbol, AUREBESH CREDITS SIGN, was created by Parker Brothers for their Star Wars Monopoly game.
Crane, Stephen. “Aurebesh Soup: Recipe for a Star Wars Font Phenomenon.” In “Echo Station: Exploring Star Wars Beyond the Daily News” <http://www.echostation.com/features/aurebesh.htm>. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
“Aurebesh—Canon.” Wookieepedia <http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Aurebesh>. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
“Aurebesh alphabet.” Omniglot <http://www.omniglot.com/conscripts/aurekbesh.htm>. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
The Aurebesh block is divided into the following ranges:
U+E890 -> U+E8BF Letters U+E8C0 -> U+E8CF Punctuation and symbols U+E8D0 -> U+E8DF Reserved
U+E890 AUREBESH LETTER AUREK = A U+E891 AUREBESH LETTER BESH = B U+E892 AUREBESH LETTER CRESH = C U+E893 AUREBESH LETTER DORN = D U+E894 AUREBESH LETTER ESK = E U+E895 AUREBESH LETTER FORN = F U+E896 AUREBESH LETTER GREK = G U+E897 AUREBESH LETTER HERF = H U+E898 AUREBESH LETTER ISK = I U+E899 AUREBESH LETTER JENTH = J U+E89A AUREBESH LETTER KRILL = K U+E89B AUREBESH LETTER LETH = L U+E89C AUREBESH LETTER MERN = M U+E89D AUREBESH LETTER NERN = N U+E89E AUREBESH LETTER OSK = O U+E89F AUREBESH LETTER PETH = P U+E8A0 AUREBESH LETTER QEK = Q U+E8A1 AUREBESH LETTER RESH = R U+E8A2 AUREBESH LETTER SENTH = S U+E8A3 AUREBESH LETTER TRILL = T U+E8A4 AUREBESH LETTER USK = U U+E8A5 AUREBESH LETTER VEV = V U+E8A6 AUREBESH LETTER WESK = W U+E8A7 AUREBESH LETTER XESH = X U+E8A8 AUREBESH LETTER YIRT = Y U+E8A9 AUREBESH LETTER ZEREK = Z U+E8AA AUREBESH LETTER CHEREK = CH U+E8AB AUREBESH LETTER ENTH = AE U+E8AC AUREBESH LETTER ONITH = EO U+E8AD AUREBESH LETTER KRENTH = KH U+E8AE AUREBESH LETTER NEN = NG U+E8AF AUREBESH LETTER ORENTH = OO U+E8B0 AUREBESH LETTER SHEN = SH U+E8B1 AUREBESH LETTER THESH = TH U+E8C0 AUREBESH COMMA U+E8C1 AUREBESH FULL STOP U+E8C2 AUREBESH QUESTION MARK U+E8C3 AUREBESH EXCLAMATION MARK U+E8C4 AUREBESH COLON U+E8C5 AUREBESH SEMICOLON U+E8C6 AUREBESH HYPHEN U+E8C7 AUREBESH LEFT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK U+E8C8 AUREBESH RIGHT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK U+E8C9 AUREBESH LEFT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK U+E8CA AUREBESH RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK U+E8CB AUREBESH LEFT PARENTHESIS U+E8CC AUREBESH RIGHT PARENTHESIS U+E8CD AUREBESH SOLIDUS U+E8CE AUREBESH CREDITS SIGN